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Mycobacteria in terrestrial small mammals on cattle farms in Tanzania

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dc.creator Durnez, Lies
dc.creator Katakweba, Abdul
dc.creator Sadiki, Harrison
dc.creator Katholi, Charles R.
dc.creator Kazwala, Rudovick R.
dc.creator Machang’u, Robert R.
dc.creator Portaels, Franc¸oise
dc.creator Leirs, Herwig 2016-12-06T05:57:01Z 2016-12-06T05:57:01Z 2011-04 2019-12-20T12:35:15Z 2019-12-20T12:35:15Z
dc.description The control of bovine tuberculosis and atypicalmycobacterioses in cattle in developing countries is important but difficult because of the existence of wildlife reservoirs. In cattle farms in Tanzania, mycobacteria were detected in 7.3% of 645 small mammals and in cow’s milk. The cattle farms were divided into “reacting” and “nonreacting” farms, based on tuberculin tests, and more mycobacteria were present in insectivores collected in reacting farms as compared to nonreacting farms. More mycobacteria were also present in insectivores as compared to rodents. All mycobacteria detected by culture and PCR in the small mammals were atypical mycobacteria. Analysis of the presence of mycobacteria in relation to the reactor status of the cattle farms does not exclude transmission between smallmammals and cattle but indicates that transmission to cattle from another source of infection is more likely. However, because of the high prevalence of mycobacteria in some small mammal species, these infected animals can pose a risk to humans, especially in areas with a high HIV-prevalence as is the case in Tanzania
dc.language en
dc.publisher SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research
dc.subject Mycobacteria
dc.subject Cattle Farms
dc.subject Bovine tuberculosis
dc.subject Small mammals
dc.title Mycobacteria in terrestrial small mammals on cattle farms in Tanzania
dc.type Article

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