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Plague and the human flea, Tanzania

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dc.creator Laudson, Anne
dc.creator Leirs, Herwig
dc.creator Makundi, Rhodes H.
dc.creator Dongen, Stefan Van
dc.creator Davis, Stephen
dc.creator Neerinckx, Simon
dc.creator Deckers, Jozef
dc.creator Libois, Roland 2016-12-02T11:52:14Z 2016-12-02T11:52:14Z 2007 2019-12-20T12:35:17Z 2019-12-20T12:35:17Z
dc.description Domestic fl eas were collected in 12 villages in the western Usambara Mountains in Tanzania. Of these, 7 are considered villages with high plague frequency, where hu- man plague was recorded during at least 6 of the 17 plague seasons between 1986 and 2004. In the remaining 5 vil- lages with low plague frequency, plague was either rare or unrecorded. Pulex irritans, known as the human fl ea, was the predominant fl ea species (72.4%) in houses. The den- sity of P. irritans, but not of other domestic fl eas, was signifi - cantly higher in villages with a higher plague frequency or incidence. Moreover, the P. irritans index was strongly posi- tively correlated with plague frequency and with the logarith- mically transformed plague incidence. These observations suggest that in Lushoto District human fl eas may play a role in plague epidemiology. These fi ndings are of immediate public health relevance because they provide an indicator that can be surveyed to assess the risk for plague.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Emerging Infectious Diseases
dc.subject Plague
dc.subject Human Flea
dc.subject Western Usambara Mountains
dc.subject Tanzania
dc.subject Domestic fleas
dc.title Plague and the human flea, Tanzania
dc.type Article

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