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Long-term chemical fertilization in Tanzania

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dc.creator Mkonda, M. Y.
dc.creator He, X. 2019-05-07T18:30:43Z 2019-05-07T18:30:43Z 2017 2019-12-20T12:36:54Z 2019-12-20T12:36:54Z
dc.description Long-term application of chemical fertilizers has both positive and negative impacts on soil and the environment. Chemical fertilizers fertilize the soil and increase crop yields but they modify microbial functions involved in bioremediation and organic matter processing. As a consequence soils become unproductive. In the 1960s the Ismani area was the major growing zone of maize in Tanzania. From the 1960s to early 1990s this area attracted more people to invest in maize production. People immigrated in the area because of soil fertility where they grew maize to curb food insecurity and poverty. In 1976 Ismani contributed over 10% of the total maize in the National Milling Corporation. Subsequently, in 1983 Ismani produced 250,000 tons of maize. This production was mainly catalyzed by the application of chemical fertilizers. However, in 1990s the production trend started to diminish rapidly. The major reason for this downfall was acidification of the soils due to increasing soil pH. Long-term chemical fertilization was the major reason for this. Acidic soil limited the availability of plant nutrients and raised the concentration of toxic metals in the soil. Subsequently, this situation impaired the life of micro-organism such as earthworms, which forms humus useful for crop production.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Springer International Publishing AG
dc.subject Nutrient management
dc.subject Farmers
dc.subject Inorganic fertilizers
dc.subject Basic soil productivity
dc.subject Conservation agriculture
dc.subject Microbes
dc.subject Maize yields
dc.subject Food security
dc.subject Poverty
dc.subject Ismani
dc.title Long-term chemical fertilization in Tanzania
dc.type Article

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