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Challenges and Prospects of Private Sector Participation in Solid Waste Management in Dar Es Salaam City, Tanzania

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dc.creator Kirama, Aminatha
dc.creator Mayo, Aloyce W. 2016-05-23T12:28:52Z 2016-05-23T12:28:52Z 2016 2018-03-27T08:40:43Z 2018-03-27T08:40:43Z
dc.identifier Kirama, A. and Mayo, A.W., 2016. Challenges and prospects of private sector participation in solid waste management in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Habitat International, 53, pp.195-205.
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.11.014
dc.description Full text can be accessed at
dc.description The objective of this research was to evaluate effectiveness of private sector participation in solid waste collection and transportation in Dar es Salaam City. The study covered 20 private service providers in municipalities of Kinondoni, Temeke and Ilala. Information was collected through questionnaires, interview guides, physical observation and field studies. Data were sought from 5 private companies, 15 Community Based Organizations, Dar es Salaam City Council, Waste Departments of Municipal authorities and local governments of ward and streets. The results show that private sector service providers collected and transported 9% of the 29,764 tons of solid wastes generated per week. They have also provided employment opportunities to over 350 people, who are helping to keep the city clean and increase national income through payment of various taxes. It was also observed that private sector operates in difficult conditions because of low cost recovery, the use of inferior wastes collection and transportation equipment, limited scheduling, short contract duration, inefficient system of refuse fee collection, an absence of planned wastes recycling systems, inaccessible roads and weak implementation of relevant municipal policies and by-laws. It was further noted that the success of the system will depend on accountability of municipal authorities by raising the awareness of the communities in order to improve willingness to pay for refuse fees and discourage illegal dumping of waste by individuals, enforcing municipal by-laws, and planning and promotion of environmentally friendly waste management practices.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.subject Solid waste management
dc.subject Cost recovery
dc.subject Private sector participation
dc.title Challenges and Prospects of Private Sector Participation in Solid Waste Management in Dar Es Salaam City, Tanzania
dc.type Journal Article

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