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Arsenic: A Toxic Trace Element of Public Health Concern in Urban Roadside Soils in Dar Es Salaam City

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dc.creator Luilo, G. B.
dc.creator Othman, Othman C.
dc.creator Mrutu, A. 2016-10-06T06:48:45Z 2016-10-06T06:48:45Z 2014 2018-03-27T08:55:06Z 2018-03-27T08:55:06Z
dc.identifier Luilo, G.B., Othman, O.C. and Mrutu, A., 2014. Arsenic: A toxic trace element of public health concern in urban roadside soils in Dar es Salaam city. J. Mater. Environ. Sci, 5(6), pp.1742-1749.
dc.identifier 2028-2508
dc.description Motor vehicles have been associated with high levels of trace metals in urban soils and the metals are mostly emitted though exhaust emissions, brake pad and tire abrasions. This study reports the levels of arsenic in roadside soils obtained from the surface at a depth of 0-5 cm in the Dares Salaam city which has the highest average daily traffic density in the country. The soils samples were collected at 1 m, 5 m, 15 m, 35 m, 50 m and 150 m distances from the road edge at each sampling site. Results showed that roadside soils were contaminated with arsenic and its levels ranged from 0.03 - 0.65 ppm (mean = 0.23 ppm). The amount of arsenic in the soil at each site decreased exponentially with increasing distance up to 35 m distance from the road edge. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test showed that average arsenic levels in the soils varied significantly with study sites (F = 4.14, p = 0.01, n = 5) while the linear regression between average arsenic in all soil samples and average daily traffic density was statistically insignificant (r2 = 0.47, p = 0.21, n = 5). However, the observed spatial distribution of arsenic with increasing distance from the road edge strongly suggests that arsenic levels above background level in the study sites owe its source from traffic emissions.
dc.language en
dc.publisher JMES
dc.subject Arsenic
dc.subject Automobile
dc.subject Dar es Salaam
dc.subject Road traffic
dc.subject Soils
dc.subject Trace metals
dc.title Arsenic: A Toxic Trace Element of Public Health Concern in Urban Roadside Soils in Dar Es Salaam City
dc.type Journal Article, Peer Reviewed

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