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Ujamaa's Villagization and Gender Dynamics in Selected Tanzanian Fiction

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dc.creator Wakota, John 2018-05-01T07:18:20Z 2018-05-01T07:18:20Z 2016 2021-05-03T13:11:12Z 2021-05-03T13:11:12Z
dc.identifier John Wakota (2016): Ujamaa’s villagization and gender dynamics in selected Tanzanian fiction, Journal of African Cultural Studies, DOI: 10.1080/13696815.2016.1207158
dc.identifier 1369-6815 (Print) 1469-9346 (Online)
dc.description Between 1967 and 1975, Tanzania implemented an ambitious project of Ujamaa villagisation. According to official discourse, villagisation was both a resettlement and production project, through which villages were to become schemes in which people lived and worked communally. This paper analyses the representation of Ujamaa villagisation and gender dynamics in Gabriel Ruhumbika’s Village in Uhuru (1969) and Severin Ndunguru’s The Lion of Yola (2004). By placing the texts in their historical contexts, reading them against the official discourses about villagisation, and situating villagisation within the state’s fascination with modernisation, the article examines the representation of gender dynamics against a backdrop of Ujamaa’s core principle of equality of all human beings. It argues that the two novels portray gender relations in the fictionalised Ujamaa villagisation period as both monoglossic (in that they reflect the state and Ujamaa’s ideal of human equality in some aspects), and heteroglossic (because they show contradictory relationships to Ujamaa’s ideal of human equality). The novels suggest that this ‘doubleness’ leads to rural modernisation that is contradictory in terms of gender relations.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Taylor&Francis Group
dc.subject Tanzania; Ujamaa; Villagisation; modernisation; Fiction; Gender Relations
dc.title Ujamaa's Villagization and Gender Dynamics in Selected Tanzanian Fiction
dc.type Journal Article, Peer Reviewed

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